How to make a list of references in a dissertation

Making a list of references in any scientific work is an important step, during which it is necessary to follow the current standards and the rules previously enshrined in methodological manuals by experts.

The correct design of the list of references in the dissertation allows you to avoid mistakes, due to which the scientific work of a scientist may not be allowed to be defended.

What is a bibliography?

There is a list of references in every scientific work.


Part of the dissertation, which reflects the theoretical scientific sources used in this work. They were included in the text both in the form of direct and indirect quotations. The list of literature includes materials, works that have been studied by a person in the process of research on this issue says writers.

The list of references looks like a list of descriptions, giving detailed information about the edition that was used in the process. These descriptions can be of several types:

Single-level description - description of a single-volume source. As a rule, this includes monographs, methodological materials, collections of scientific publications, documents from the archive.
Multi-level description - description of a multi-volume source.
Analytical description - a description of a certain part of a single source selected for work. This includes publications in scientific journals and collections.
Methodology on the design of the list of references in the dissertation

All rules regarding the compilation of bibliographic records in scientific work are reflected in methodology web site and methodological manuals.
So, the following standards are currently in force:

The list of references should be sorted in alphabetical, systematic or chronological order.
Sorting of the bibliography in alphabetical order occurs when focusing on the full name of the author of the source. If there are materials of namesakes in the list, then their order should be determined by the name and patronymic.
Systematic design requires sorting by source importance and time period. So, for starters, legislative and regulatory documents are entered, then there are modern sources that have been released recently.
Chronological sorting of sources occurs in connection with the period of publication of the material.
When indicating sources in a foreign language, it is necessary to place a mention of the publication in the national language.